Acne is a skin disorder that causes spots and pimples on face, neck, chest, shoulders, back and upper arms.
There are several types of acne including whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, cysts, and nodules.
Acne can damage the natural beauty of the facial features, reduce self-esteem and even lead to thoughts of suicide.
The condition affects almost all teenagers (both male and female) during puberty.
While many reasons cause of acne, around 80 percent of these cases are believed to be caused by Genetics.
Two major types of acne treatments include over-the-counter and prescription medicines. Depending on the severity of your acne, your doctor can recommend you a suitable treatment for you.
Benzoyl peroxide and Salicylic acid.
Salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide are two of the most common ingredients, suitable for the patients suffering from mild to moderate acne.
Retinoids and Retinoid-Like Drugs: These medicines come as lotions, creams and gels which are usually applied to the pimples once a day before sleep. Pregnant women are not recommended to use them without doctor’s advice as they can cause congenital disabilities.
Antibiotics: There are certain types of antibiotics for acne treatment that kill the excess skin bacteria and reduce redness.
Isotretinoin: It comes under various brand names in the United States, including Amnesteem, Absorica, Claravis, Myorisan, and Sotret.
It helps in normalizing sebum, decreases the number of bacteria on the skin and preventing follicles from becoming clogged. However, in the meantime, it can also cause a number of side effects including inflammation, dryness and cracking of the skin, blood in your urine and even kidney diseases.
Because of a high risk of side effects, isotretinoin is only recommended for extremely severe cases where other methods do not work.